Gaming in Brazil

Brazil is a country with 210 million people, the 6th largest population in the world. In 2003, there were over 1,200 “Bingos” (slot parlors) in the country generating ~ $800 million of GGR; gaming was then outlawed in an effort to eliminate criminal involvement.

Both houses of Brazil’s Congress, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies (“COD”), proposed bills legalizing gaming to generate economic growth, jobs and tax revenues. Published analyst estimates for Brazil Gaming GGR range from $9B to $17B; Brazil would be the third largest gaming jurisdiction in the world after the US and Macau.

The bills propose a massive legalization of gaming to include Integrated Resorts, Slot Parlors, Routes, Lotteries, Sports Betting, Internet Gaming and legalization of the currently popular Jogo de Bicho.

Based on our discussions with government officials, lawyers, lobbyists and industry participants, it appears that legalization will occur in a step fashion to enable regulation to keep up with legalization. Our assessment is that the sequence will be lottery privatization, sports betting, large-scale casinos, internet gaming and then slot parlors (bingos) and others.

4/9/2018 Update: 

Privatization of Lotex, Brazil’s instant lottery

  • After potential investors cited a variety of concerns regarding the profitability of the Lotex contract, the Government is re-issued more favorable terms including a minimum bid of R500M (~$150M) with a contract duration of 15 years
  • The auction for Lotex will be held on June 14th

Sports Betting

  • Initially, the Government considered selling sports betting concession in a similar fashion to the Lotex process, provisioning $937M in the 2018 budget – it is now expected to be a multi-licensed market
  • The Ministry of Finance is in the process of restructuring The Secretariat of Economic Development (SEAE) with the goal of setting up divisional regulating responsibility for a multi-license market
  • Progress is expected to speed up in the second half of 2018


  • Legalizing gaming is the third priority for the Government, after Lotex and sports betting and the priority is to legalize integrated resorts initially
  • Integrated resorts are viewed favorably due to the substantial economic impacts generated which would help decrease the deficit, currently at $13.2B
  • However, all legislative changes are in flux due to the upcoming presidential elections

Spectrum Gaming Capital released a report on Attracting Investment to a New Brazil Gaming Industry

Please click to access the reports in both English and Portuguese versions






Key Insights and Observations on proposed legislation:

  • Both bills contain a multi-tiered tax structure that includes corporate taxes, a tax on GGR and, most significantly, a withholding taxes on player win. There is not yet any provision for players to be able to deduct losses from prior casino visits in calculating withholding tax due.
  • COD Bill states that the Federal Government will grant casino licenses rather than state-by-state as in the US.
  • COD bill provides for VLT’s for route-like operations, but does not specify where they will be located. BR1(VLT’s) profit sharing compares to VLT’s in Illinois, where the machine owner and gaming establishment operator split the profits 50%/50%
  • Focus on concession fees for license awards will favor best capitalized investors, but will not encourage building compelling facilities that will attract customers and create jobs.
  • House bill also specifies minimum room counts of 100-1,000 and gaming halls of 15k-150ksf, depending on state population
  • Law provides for the legalization of Jogo de Bicho (similar to the illegal “numbers game” in the US), but does not describe how it will be regulated